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The Ethics of the Tea Trade

Presented by Amanda Penn:

There is much more to tea, of course, then what you see in the cup. Today’s customers, both corporate and individual consumers, want to understand where products come from and require assurance that the people who make and grow them are treated and paid fairly, and that the environment is not harmed in the growing and processing of these products.
 - What are the key ethical risks in the tea supply chain?
 - What should tea businesses be doing to ensure they are selling a product they can be proud of?

Come to learn and discuss practical steps to ensure your tea business is a truly sustainable one.

The Logistics of the Tea Trade, presented by Angela Pryce:
  • Brief recap on bush to pack
  • Sorting and grading
  • What constitutes an invoice?
  • Factory packaging
  • Route to sales market

The auction system; auction catalogues, how it works, manual vs. electronic bidding, the role of the tea broker, auction centres worldwide and weekly auction timetable, transparency

Private contract, how it works
 - via tea producers; single estate or producing group
 - via tea traders in origin
 - via tea traders or retailers in market (e.g. EU or UK)
The growing calender and seasonality
Transportation
Seafreight; past (the tea clipper) to now, containerised FCL vs. LCL, pros and cons
Airfreight; pros and cons
Incoterms; International Commercial Terms…the language of international trade
Helps to define where ownership, risk and the responsibilities of buyers (generally importers) and sellers (generally exporters) transfer throughout the delivery process
The most common terms and what they mean
Import legislation to be considered; pesticides, heavy metals
Retail pack options
Teabags vs. loose
Teabag types (double chamber, pillow, round, pyramid)
Examples of teabag packing machines (constanta, perfecta, fuso)
Cartons vs. tins vs. pouch – considerations of each